In the dog days of summer it's a great time to brew up a large batch of what can conventionally be referred to not by its proper BJCP Style Guidelines name (Czech Pale Lager) but instead by a more descriptively-accurate name: Session Pilsner.
The Scottish Export is the strongest of the three lower-ABV ales in the family. A malt-forward, low-ABV, toasty-not-roasty beer with minimal hops, but at the 80 shilling level we're expecting a more pronounced set of flavors.
Lichtenhainer is a low-alcohol wheat beer with moderate acidity. Josh Weikert explains how it differs from both the Berliner weisse or a gose.
Like all IPAs, Brown IPA is hops-forward. It's useful to think of it in terms of malt character, though: it should have noticeable brown- and black-malt flavors but not be sweet or malt-forward.
Kentucky Common is a smooth, drinkable, light-amber beer with much more in common (no pun intended) with Kolsch and Cream Ale and California Common than with Jack Daniels.
A decent jumping-off point for Red Ale is the American Amber, which ostensibly includes Reds in their midst. There are some worthwhile differences to note, though.
While the Heavy may not be heavy in comparison to almost anything else, it's heavier than the sixty-shilling light ales of Scotland. To the extent that we care about differences between beers and how those beers are produced, that's all that matters.
The style parameters here are actually pretty simple: very high ("…to absurdly high") bitterness, intense hops aroma and flavor (usually American or Australian or New World hops), with just enough malt character to provide some background and/or contrast.
Session IPA isn't just a question of reducing the gravity (although that's one way to go, and we will be): it's a question of generating a lot of flavor from hops and finding light ways to balance those flavors.
This Blonde Ale is more flavorful than your average "lawnmower" beer, so save it for after you mow. Once you dial in the recipe, this will be the beer that gets your non-beer-drinking friends started down the path to craft beer.